Health & Fitness

EKG (Electrocardiogram)Test, Procedure, and Result

An EKG testing uses a line graph that shows changes in the heart’s electrical activity over time. An instrument makes it called an electrocardiograph.
This electrocardiogram graph shows abnormal conditions like changes in electrolytes (particles with electrical changes), blocked arteries, and changes in the passing through of electric current on the heart tissues.

Reasons Why a Person Would Need An EKG Testing

You may need an EKG testing due to the following reasons:

 For Identify irregular heartbeats
 Look for the cost of chest pain
Evaluate heart-related problems such as severe tiredness, fainting, dizziness, shortness of breath.
See how an implanted pacemaker is operating.
Obtain a baseline tracing of the heart’s function at the time of a physical exam
Know how well certain heart medicines are working.

Risks of an EKG Testing

Risks associated with EKG are minimal and rare since it is a quick, easy way to assess the heart’s function. You will not have any pain during the EKG testing though it may be sticky when the electrodes are taken off.

The electrode patches may also cause tissue breakdown or skin irritation when left on too long.
Various factors may interfere with the results of the EKG testing but are limited to;

Movement during the test|
Certain medicines
Exercise or smoking before the EKG test
Obesity (ascites)
Fluid buildup in the abdomen

How to Get Ready for an EKG Testing

Your doctor will explain the test for you in detail and give you a chance to ask questions that are poorly understood.

 You must fast before the EKG testing is done, no eating is required before the test
 Ensure your doctor knows if you have a pacemaker.
Tell your doctor if you were under some medication and ensure you mention all the medicines you were using before or currently using.
 Your doctor may also require other specific preparation based on your medical condition.

EKG Testing Procedure

An EKG test may be done on either an outpatient or inpatient basis, and steps may vary depending on your condition medically and your doctor’s practices. The steps include;

You remove all your jewelry or other objects that may interfere with the EKG testing.
You will take out clothing from the waist up. Your privacy is also assured. The doctor will cover you with a gown so that only necessary skin is exposed.
You will lie still on the table or bed and not talk to do not alter the tracing.
The doctor may also shave or clip small patches of hair in case your legs, arms, or chest are very hairy.
Electrodes are permanently attached to your chest, arms, and legs.
The doctor will connect the lead wire to the electrodes.
After the leads are attached, the technician may enter information to identify everything about you into the machine’s computer.
The EKG testing will start, and it will take only a short time for the tracing to be completed.
Once the tracing is done, the leads will be disconnected, and the technician will also remove the skin electrodes.

Results of EKG Testing

If the EKG test is standard, it should indicate that you have a heartbeat at the beats of 60 to 100 every minute.
An abnormal EKG test can be a sign of heart disease or damage. It should also show the size and position of your heart chambers.

The Bottom Line

It would be great to go back to your normal activities and diet after the EKG testing is done unless your doctor advises you to do the other way round. The ECG is a non-invasive and safe treatment with no side effects. You should also know that there is no special care after the EKG test. Consult your doctor about the best course of action for your cardiac problem and how to manage it.

Related Articles

Back to top button